Glossary of terms

Glossary of Terms

Aluminum oxide finishes is not a hardwood floor finish in itself but is an additive for urethane-based finishes. It makes these finishes harder and more durable. It is designed to add a layer of scratch resistance. But , the aluminum oxide layer seals the surface of the board and guards against oxidization as well. This benefit provides a natural hard and durable material to supplement the heartiness of the wood floor you’ve chosen. And it also contributes to the long-term health of the material overall. Still another aspect of the aluminum oxide finish is the attention paid to the problem of UV related fading, which among other things causes the flooring to lose its original color over time. Aluminum oxide finishes are designed to slow this process over decades

Girder is a beam, as of steel, wood, or reinforced concrete, used as a main horizontal support in a building or bridge.

Joist is the common materials of masonry construction are brick, stone, marble, granite, travertine, limestone, cast stone, concrete block, glass block, stucco, and tile. Masonry is generally a highly durable form of construction. Masonry is commonly used for the walls of buildings, retaining walls and monuments.

Mortar is a workable paste used to bind construction blocks together and fill the gaps between them. The blocks may be stone, brick, cinder blocks, etc.

Masonite is a type of hardboard made of steam-cooked and pressure-molded wood fibers in a process invented by William H. Mason

MDF Medium-density fibreboard Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is an engineered wood product formed by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibers, often in a defibrator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure. MDF is denser than plywood. It is made up of separated fibersf, but can be used as a building material similar in application to plywood. It is stronger and much more dense than normal particle board.

Particle board, or particleboard (or chipboard in the UK and Commonwealth Nations such as Australia, New Zealand and others), is an engineered wood product manufactured from wood particles, such as wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Particleboard is a composite material.

Fiberboard is a type of engineered wood product that is made out of wood fibers. Types of fiberboard (in order of increasing density) include particle board, medium-density fiberboard, and hardboard. Fiberboard is sometimes used as a synonym for particle board, but particle board usually refers to low-density fiberboard. Plywood is not a type of fiberboard, as it is made of thin sheets of wood, not wood fibers or particles. Fiberboard, particularly medium-density fiberboard (MDF), is heavily used in the furniture industry. For pieces that will be visible, a veneer of wood is often glued onto fiberboard to give it the appearance of conventional wood.

Plywood is a manufactured wood panel made from thin sheets of wood veneer. A structural material made of layers of wood glued together, usually with the grains of adjoining layers at right angles to each other.

It is one of the most widely used wood products. It is flexible, inexpensive, workable, re-usable, and can usually be locally manufactured. Plywood is used instead of plain wood because of its resistance to cracking, shrinkage, splitting, and twisting/warping, and its general high degree of strength.

Plywood layers (called veneers) are glued together with adjacent plies having their grain at right angles to each other. Cross-graining has several important benefits: it reduces the tendency of wood to split when nailed at the edges, it reduces expansion and shrinkage equating to improved dimensional stability, and it makes the strength of the panel consistent across both directions. There are usually an odd number of plies so that the sheet is balanced’this reduces warping. Because of the way plywood is bonded (with grains running against one another and with an odd number of composite parts) it is very hard to bend it perpendicular to the grain direction.

Pre-finished flooring is solid hardwood flooring that comes already sanded, sealed, and ready to nail into place. After the flooring installers have completed their job, literally the only thing you need to do is sweep up, and you’re ready to go.

Unfinished flooring refers to flooring that requires sanding and finishing on site after installation is complete.

Learn a Glossary of Terms about flooring at Ferma.